Picking a Camera that Suits Your Style and Artistic Needs
Amateur photographers who want to get the most out of their camera often pick a Digital SLR, or DSLR. These cameras combine the features of the film-based SLR cameras with modern digital features instead of film. The camera still has a mechanical shutter and a mirror that allows you to look directly through the viewfinder and see what the lens sees. This is why it’s called a single-lens reflex, or SLR, because the single lens is used to set up the shot and capture the image. Other cameras have an EVF, or electronic view finder, which is a small digital display.
There are generally four big advantages to a DSLR: interchangeable lenses and flash equipment, a wide variety of settings and adjustments, higher resolution and higher quality sensors, and better high-speed and low-light performance. Some of the disadvantages can include requiring more protection in transport, being more complicated to use, and having costlier camera bodies, lenses and accessories. DSLR camera size can also be a disadvantage in many situations.
Digital SLR cameras are not the only option for those who want something more than a simple point-and-shoot digital camera. They are one of the more flexible options and an excellent choice for those who want more creativity in their photographs. Choosing to use a digital SLR, and deciding which kind and which features to get, can make a big difference in how a photographer grows in skills and ability.
Even the less expensive consumer model DSLR cameras now have excellent image sensors (the part of the camera that takes the place of the film). A student can start with a lower priced camera body, put money into the best quality lenses he can afford, and get amazing pictures.
Most lenses will include vibration reduction, but better lenses will let in more light which also helps make a clear, steady shot. When it’s time to purchase a more advanced camera body from the same manufacturer, unless the photographer moves to “full frame” (very expensive) equipment the lenses will usually still be usable.
Experienced photographers prefer DSLR cameras because they need full control over the shot. DSLRs place the manual controls right where they can be constantly adjusted as the shot is composed. DSLRs also have controls for specialized shooting, such as high dynamic range photography with multiple bracketing shots and technical adjustments for studio lighting color temperature values.